As the first mobile operator in Israel, Pelephone has been offering services for over 30 years. Starting with AMPs all the way through to today’s 5G NR, Pelephone’s network has changed over time with more and more bits moving about as the access radio technologies evolved. Today Pelephone has over 2 million LTE subscribers, most if not all of whom will move to the much higher bandwidth 5G network.
Similar to many mobile operators around the world, Pelephone had an extensive transmission network of point to point microwave solutions (18, 23GHz) to backhaul their cell sites. While roughly 70% are connected with fiber for backhaul, 30% were using microwave for a total of more than 500 microwave links.
As the Radio Access Network added capacity with the introduction of LTE and the latest 5G NR, the microwave links began running out of capacity needed to connect these cell sites. While range was good with traditional microwave, the capacities topped out at 400Mbps which could only be achieved with advanced technologies. Three years ago the Israel government opened the E Band (70/80GHz) to operators, and Pelephone as a leader and innovator did not wait. E Band radios can support anywhere from 1Gbps full duplex up to 10Gbps full duplex. A massive increase over microwave capacities.